Makambako Wind Farm, Tanzania

Number of wind turbines: 16-24
Estimated capacity:
100 MW
Annual production: 350 GWh

Project developer: Norsk Vind AS

Norsk Vindenergi contributes experience and knowledge
Norsk Vindenergi’s involvement in the Makambako wind farm is based on a desire to help Tanzania, with the aid of its own wind resources, to benefit from a transition from fossil energy to electric power production based on renewable sources of energy.

Norsk Vindenergi became involved in 2007 as a wind power consultant via Norplan in Tanzania. The wind farm area of Makambako was initially identified and prepared by Sino Tan Renewable Energy, a local company. The company wanted an experienced international partner, and Norsk Vindenergi was invited to collaborate. A joint venture was formed in 2008.

With plenty of renewable wind resources, and in some places a robust power supply grid, Tanzania is well placed for benefiting from wind power production. The combination of water and wind as renewable energy sources is optimal, since the wind mostly blows during the dry period, and the water reservoirs usually have their greatest production capacity during the period of the year with the least wind.

Electric power to 1 million households
Tanzania has adopted a climate policy target of turning energy consumption from 60% fossil and 40% renewable, to 50-50 by the year 2020. The Makambako wind farm has an estimated capacity of 100MW, and will play a part in achieving the climate target.

The wind farm will, based on 2014 electric power production, produce 12% of the country's total electric power production, corresponding to the power needs of approximately 1 million households.

Strong increase in energy demand
Yet, with new industry, and therefore a strongly increasing demand for energy of 50MW annually, the country is facing some major energy challenges. Currently, only 14% of the population of Tanzania has access to electricity. It is well known that access to energy is decisive for all social development, and in countries with strong industrial growth, it is important for the energy to come from renewable sources of energy. The national and local benefits do not just include energy dependability, but also the opportunity for sustainable industrial growth.

Local partners are a source of strength
The processes of the Tanzanian energy sector are relatively perspicuous, and the systems are comparable to what we have in Norway. However, the implementation of the project is faced with some challenges due to geographic distances and cultural differences. Local partners are both a strength and a benefit to the development and implementation of projects abroad.

Norsk Vindenergi AS is working pursuant to the UN principles for responsible business conduct. Through several decades, Tanzania has been a main recipient of Norwegian aid in Africa. Moreover, Africa has been defined as a main area of commitment for the renewable energy and climate strategy of both Norway and the UN.


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